Acetone (2-propanone or dimethyl ketone) is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO and is the simplest and smallest ketone. It is a colorless, highly volatile, and flammable liquid with a pungent odor. It is a common building block in organic chemistry and is used as a solvent in various industries, including industry, home, and laboratory. In 2010, about 6.7 million tonnes of acetone were produced worldwide, mainly for the production of methyl methacrylate and bisphenol A, precursors to widely-used plastics. Acetone is produced and disposed of in the human body through normal metabolic processes, and is present in blood and urine. People with diabetic ketoacidosis produce it in larger amounts, and ketogenic diets that increase ketone bodies in the blood are used to counter epileptic attacks in children with refractory epilepsy. Acetone's name has been given multiple names since the 17th century, including spirit of Saturn, pyro-acetic spirit, and pyro-acetic ester. Its 3-carbon chain has caused confusion due to its relation to vinegar, rather than its chemical structure. The chemical history of acetone dates back to Andreas Libavius' 1606 distillation of lead(II) acetate. The chemical formula for acetone was determined by French chemists Jean-Baptiste Dumas and German chemist Justus von Liebig in 1832. The modern structural formula for acetone was published by German chemist August Kekulé in 1865. Johann Josef Loschmidt's 1861 structure of acetone received little attention, but the Weizmann Process was developed during World War I.
The CAS Number of Acetone is 67-64-1
The Molecular Formula of Acetone is C3H6O
The Molecular Mass of Acetone is 58.08
The SMILES Notation of Acetone is CC(C)=O
The InChI Notation of Acetone is InChI=1S/C3H6O/c1-3(2)4/h1-2H3